The Monument to the Great Fire of London, commonly known as simply the Monument, was designed by Christopher Wren and Dr Robert Hooke and built to commemorate the 1666 Great Fire of London.
The Monument was constructed on the site of St Margarets, the first church to be destroyed by the Great Fire of London. It is 61.5m (202 feet) high and is located 61.5m (202 feet) from the spot on Pudding Lane where the Great Fire is believed to have started.
The Monument is the tallest isolated stone column in the world and was the tallest structure in London from 1677 until 1683 when St Mary-le-Bow was built.
Breathtaking views of the city reward those who climb the 311 steps to the top.
At the top of the Monument, you’re about the same height at the 17th level of an office building. If you have spent a lot of time in highrise buildings you’ll know that this height often has the best views. Rather than looking over the top of other buildings (which is the view you get from taller buildings like the Shard), you’re face-to-face with other buildings in the City and you have a better view of the major landmarks (like the London Eye, the Shard and the Walkie Talkie) when you’re not on top of them.
Visiting the Monument
The Monument is located on Fish Street Hill, just a one-minute walk from Monument tube station and five minutes from London Bridge.
The viewing platform at the top of the Monument can only be reached by climbing 311 steps and there is no wheelchair access.
Because of confined space inside the Monument’s spiral staircase, you are not permitted to visit with large bags.